Despite the advancements in oral hygiene and dental care, dental decay remains a significant dental ailment for most American children and adults. If you ignore the tooth decay, it can lead to more serious oral issues, including tooth abscesses and loss of teeth. Teeth play a vital role in boosting your confidence apart from helping to chew the food. Teeth also let you speak distinctly. Lost teeth can make your words slur inside the mouth.
Dental fillings are a form of restorative and cosmetic dentistry that uses a single or a combination of plastic, metals, glass, or other materials to restore or repair worn-out teeth. The most popular dental filling is to fill the cavity of the decayed part of the teeth. Dental fillings can also improve a cracked or chipped tooth and strengthen impacted teeth.
The dentist in Wilkes-Barre, PA starts with a thorough cleaning of the oral cavity to get rid of the debris or plaque around the cavity. Cleaning the teeth also minimizes the risk of periodontal infections. The dentist can use local anesthesia to numb the area around the teeth or cavity to be filled. Then the dentist uses a drill, an air abrasion instrument, or a laser to remove the decayed part of the teeth. The choice of the instrument is dependent on the comfort level and training of the dentist and the location of the impacted teeth.
Then the dentist thoroughly examines the impacted teeth to ensure that the decay has been eradicated. Once the site is cleaned, the dentist prepares the site for dental filling by disinfecting the area from bacteria or infections. If the cavity is deep enough to reach the root of the teeth, the dentist will place a liner made from glass ionomer or composite fillings to protect the underlying nerves. Once the filling solidifies, the dentist in Wilkes-Barre, PA polishes it to give the desired shape.
The dental filling treatment is completed in several steps. After the impacted tooth is cleaned thoroughly and disinfected, the tooth-colored or metal fillings are applied in layers. Adequate time is given so that the fillings solidify. Special blue light is also used to hasten the solidification process. Finally, the dentist shapes the filling to obtain desired shape and shine.
The advancement in modern dentistry facilitates the use of varied materials for a dental filling. Teeth cavities can be filled with metals, amalgams, composite resins, or glass ionomers.
Gold is the most widely-used metal filling and is long-lasting and durable. Gold tooth fillings are a combination of other metals, including copper. Gold fillings are expensive but have a spoor aesthetic value as the color of gold does not blend well with natural teeth color.
Silver amalgam dental fillings are made from tin, copper, and silver. Mercury constitutes more than half of the amalgam mixture. These tooth fillings find application due to their durability, strength, and cost-effectiveness.
The biggest disadvantage of silver amalgams is their poor aesthetic value. Over time the silver amalgams get darker, causing discoloration of the teeth. Amalgams also cause teeth sensitivity due to the reaction of metals with changing temperatures.
Composite dental fillings are made from plastic, silica, glass quartz, and ceramic particles on a resin base. The molten fillings are applied in layers to the hollow cavity and solidified with blue light.
Composite fillings are mostly-used dental fillings due to their resemblance to natural teeth color, and no tooth structure is to be removed to accommodate these fillings. The only disadvantage is that they do not last a lifetime and need replacements.
The dentist in Wilkes-Barre, PA would be the best person to guide you in choosing the dental filling. If you care to maintain the aesthetic value, it is better to go with composite fillings. Metal and amalgam fillings last a lifetime but have their own disadvantages.
If you are looking for dental fillings in Wilkes-Barre, PA, you may book an appointment with NEPA Dental Group. You can avail of compressive dental services from experienced dentists. Our team speaks English or Spanish for your convenience.